Livestock

HORSES Five were kept for every hundred acres to work the land.

PIGS Most households kept a few to provide fresh, cured and salted meat.

"Mr. Wiseman, at Happisburgh, having occasion to wean some pigs much too young, from the death of a sow ... Tried boiling pease for them, and the success was so great, that he would never enter largely into breeding or fattening hogs without a furnace and copper for boiling whatever corn may be given." - Arthur Young

SHEEP Some were kept, but not so extensively as on poorer land.

CATTLE the most common bullock reared in Norfolk was the Galloway Scot.

"The purchase of Scots in the district is chiefly at the Fair of St. Faiths, to which Scotch drovers bring annually great numbers. The most common age is 4 years old. Some have been worked in the collieries." - Norwich Mercury

Farmers walked their fat cattle to St. Faiths, (near Norwich) and drovers took them onto Smithfield. They set out on a Sunday, arriving the following Sunday, ready for the Monday market. At Mile-End the salesmen met the drovers and took charge of their lots. It was the drovers' responsibility to take the money back to the farmers.

In about 1844 cattle started being taken to London by rail, arriving in a fresh condition. The increased expense of rail travel over 'droving' was covered by the higher prices received for the fresh cattle. In fact the farmers were said to have gained about £1 per head. During this period about 20,000 cattle were sent from Norfolk to the London market of Smithfield each year.